Standard 2 - Outcomes

Standard 2 – Outcomes

(Conforms to Standards 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6 & 2.1s)


Avicenna Medical College & Hospital has strived to achieve its mission of creating outstanding healthcare professionals capable of serving the local community and also compete at International Forums. For this purpose the college and the hospital have created inductive environment for learning, experimentation and achievement of quality in the deliverance of the quality medical care.


It is expected that the MBBS graduates, by the end of their program, will be able to:

  1. Manage common, non-critical conditions independently
  2. Assist in the management of critically ill patients
  3. Demonstrate professional, ethical and culturally-appropriate behavior
  4. Advocate health promotion and disease prevention
  5. Work effectively in a health care team
  6. Demonstrate clear and efficient written and verbal communication abilities


For that the following are the area of emphasis:



  • This is achieved by emphasis on the prescribed books that are specified for every subject in the syllabus and table of specifications of the University of Health Sciences. Greater emphasis is laid for every class to have the latest edition of the prescribed book and every effort is made to refrain the students from making shortcuts by studying praxis notes and guides
  • Emphasis is always laid and provisions made for the availability of facilities like E-Library and lectures on dedicated website of Avicenna Medical College to enable the students to develop concepts and clarify their doubts should they had not been able to do so in the study period during college hours. The college has also endeavored to link itself with the libraries and e-library of the University of Health Science (UHS) and Higher Education Commission (HEC) to enable the students to benefit from the valuable lectures and knowledge bank at these sites. These sites can be approached on . While links are also available with the HEC and learning management system of UHS .
  • The college has endeavored to provide a host of models, charts, training aids and electronic gadgetry to all departments to enable the students for efficient assimilation and development of concepts of the subject under study. These models, charts and training aids fully meet the requirement specified by the PM&DC and the University of Health Sciences.
  • An efficient system for the assessment of knowledge and a system of feedback is in place. The curriculum is achieved through various lectures and tutorials. The standard of knowledge attained is monitored through tests (MCQs and SCQs), viva, ospe, practical note books and marking of all these in a view to reflect upon students’ performance both for sharing and feedback to the parents as well as the maintenance of record as required by the University of Health Sciences. For this purpose, the college shares the results of every test and practical through a system of SMS with the parents, preferably the Father of the student. The students are confronted not only with the results of their tests and practical etc. but also their performance in the early session, mid-session, late session and the end session examinations.
  • The instructions of the University of Health Science wherein students are expected to pass with 50% marks are followed in letter and spirit. All tests, session examinations and send-up examinations are held to the university standard and students motivated and educated to achieve the standards set by the University of Health Sciences.
  • Parents are kept in loop and all reports are sent to the parents after these have been acknowledged by the students.



The college lays adequate emphasis on the acquisition of skills by undergraduates. These skills are also made a part of curriculum for the Nursing and Allied Health Sciences students and practiced as such in the hospital. For this purpose the skill labs are provided at the following locations:

  1. College Skill Lab
  2. Nursing Skill Lab
  3. Gynae Department Skill Lab
  4. Surgical Skill Lab
  5. Medical Skill Lab


Besides the facility for hands-on skill, a dedicated team of professionals provide knowledge and skill to all the students of MBBS Classes, Nursing Students and Students of Allied Health Sciences on the skills as attached as Annexure-A.


The college has developed and hand book of these skills and procedures and every student of the medical college and the nursing college are expected to have a copy.


The college organizes through its training programs, evening clinical skill classes for students of the 3rd year, 4th year and final year to help inculcate proficiency in practice of medical skills. Clinical classes are held 5 days a week for three hours every day and attendance at these classes is compulsory. The classes are held under the supervision of the specialist of the concerned department. The students are encouraged to handle the patient and carry out the procedures and develop their skills under strict supervision.


The classes of 3rd, 4th and 5th year are provided with clinical handbooks where are their clinical training is documented. These clinical handbooks are marked and made a part of the examinations.


Professional Behavior:

Emphasis is laid on professional behavior of the under-graduates towards the profession, patients, attendants and enforcement of minimum service delivery standards.



  1. Efforts are made to inculcate a sense of pride in the under graduates of becoming a doctor and the respect that it carries in the society. The college has its own policy of ethics, which is widely circulated and the under graduates are trained and made to follow medical ethics. The Pakistan Medical & Dental Council Code of Ethics duly gazetted by the Ministry of Health wide S.R.O. 80(KE)2011 are followed very strictly and are available in the booklet form and also at the PM&DC website in PDF format at Various components of the PM&DC policy involving ethics of teaching, patient-physician relationship, standards of professional competence, care & conduct are emphasized. Emphasis is also laid on research, system of punishment and disciplinary action and the adaption of professional attitude in matters related to pharmaceutical industry.



Undergraduate students are told that the major consideration in their mind should be in the interest of the patient and the advantage to the patient’s health. For this, they are taught to maintain and demonstrate a high standard of professional conduct by:

  1. Being in conformity with the principles of honesty and justice
  2. Free and independent exercise of professional judgment
  3. Working in harmony with colleagues in the patient’s best interest
  4. Not receiving any consideration for referring patient to any other source
  5. Maintenance of the honorable tradition of being the friend of any cast, creed or color
  6. Being honest and unbiased and accurate in rendering advice
  7. Following the PM&DC ethical standards in the examination of female patients
  8. Avoiding treatments through non-professional channels
  9. Following the ethics of examination of patients as per PM&DC standards
  10. Additionally:
    1. Identifying oneself to the patient under treatment
    2. Treating all patients with dignity and respect
    3. Listening to patients with patience and having respect for their views
    4. Providing understandable information to the patient regarding his/her ailment
    5. Respecting the right of the patient in making the decisions about his/her health
    6. Ensuring that any conflict of interest does not interfere with the treatment of patient
    7. Being truthful in the patient’s interest
    8. Maintaining confidentiality


Enforcement of Minimum Service Delivery Standards:

Undergraduate students are told to abide by the relevant laws of regulatory authorities for the healthcare establishments regarding the treatment of patients. Following standards of Punjab Healthcare Commission elaborate the Minimum Service Delivery Standards for medical professionals in healthcare establishments.

  1. 2.2 Care of Patients
  2. 2.3 Management of Medication
  3. 2.4 Patient Rights and Education
  4. 2.5 Hospital Infection Control
  5. 2.10 Information Management System
  6. * Minimum Service Delivery Standards PHC – October 2012


The above outcomes are a result of a perusal of the regulations/instructions of the Pakistan Medical & Dental Council, the University of Health Sciences and an input received from the students and faculty of Avicenna Medical College. These shall be subject to review and revisions on annual basis.


Note: The formulation of the outcomes for medical education incorporates the policy of Pakistan Medical & Dental Council received from time to time and the emphasis made on various aspects of curriculum in terms of clinical skills and knowledge base to be inculcated in an undergraduate so as to prepare him/her efficiently enough to do clinical and diagnostic work as a graduate.